Lucas had previously promised fans that he would explain the mystery behind the erasure of the planet Kamino from the Jedi Archives. As a compromise, Lucas permitted author James Luceno to explain the mystery of Kamino's erasure and the origins of the Clone army in his expanded universe novel Labyrinth of Evil. Lucas had originally planned to include even more ties to the original trilogy, and wrote early drafts of the script in which a year-old Han Solo appeared on Kashyyyk, but the role was not cast or shot. He also wrote a scene in which Palpatine reveals to Anakin that he created him from midichlorians , and is thus his "father", a clear parallel to Vader's revelation to Luke in The Empire Strikes Back , but Lucas ejected this scene as well.
Another planned scene by Lucas that was written during the early development of the film was a conversation between Master Yoda and the ghostly Qui Gon-Jinn , with Liam Neeson reprising his role as Jinn he also hinted his possible appearance in the film. Neeson finally reprised the role in an episode of The Clone Wars in After principal photography was complete in , Lucas made even more changes in Anakin's role, rewriting the entire "turn" sequence.
Lucas accomplished this "rewrite" through editing the principal footage and filming new scenes during pick-ups in London in After the screenplay's earliest draft was submitted, the art department began designing the various ways that each element could appear on screen.
He would later rewrite entire scenes and action sequences to correspond to certain designs he had chosen. Ben Burtt would edit these scenes with Lucas in order to previsualize what the film would look like before the scenes were filmed. Steven Spielberg was brought in as a "guest director" to make suggestions to the art designers for the Mustafar duel,  and oversee the pre-visualization of an unused version of the Utapau chase scene.
To determine the required sets, Lucas analyzed each scene with the staff to see which moments the actors would come in most contact with the set, warranting it to be constructed. Although the first scene filmed was the final scene to appear in the film shot during the filming of Attack of the Clones in ,  [a] principal photography on the film occurred from June 30, to September 17, , with additional photography occurring at Shepperton Studios and Elstree Studios in London from August to January 31, These included the limestone mountains depicting Kashyyyk , which were filmed in Phuket, Thailand they were later damaged by the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.
The production company was also fortunate enough to be shooting at the same time that Mount Etna erupted in Italy. Camera crews were sent to the location to shoot several angles of the volcano that were later spliced into the background of the animatics and the final film version of the planet Mustafar. Hayden Christensen says Lucas asked him "to bulk up and physically show the maturity that had taken place between the two films. Christensen and Ewan McGregor began rehearsing their climactic lightsaber duel long before Lucas would shoot it.
They trained extensively with stunt coordinator Nick Gillard to memorize and perform their duel together. As in the previous prequel film, McGregor and Christensen performed their own lightsaber fighting scenes without the use of stunt doubles. An example of this occurs as Obi-Wan strikes down on Vader after applying an armlock in the duel's first half. Revenge of the Sith eventually became the first Star Wars film in which Anakin Skywalker and the suited Darth Vader were played by the same actor in the same film.
As Christensen recounted, it was originally intended to simply have a "tall guy" in the Darth Vader costume, but after "begging and pleading" Christensen persuaded Lucas to have the Vader costume used in the film created specifically to fit him. The new costume featured shoe lifts and a muscle suit. In , Gary Oldman was originally approached to provide the voice of General Grievous;  however, complications arose during contract negotiations after Oldman learned the film was to be made outside of the Screen Actors Guild , of which he is a member.
He backed out of the role rather than violate the union's rules. According to him, Oldman is a friend of producer Rick McCallum , and thus recorded an audition as a favor to him, but was not chosen. The post-production department began work during filming and continued until weeks before the film was released in Special effects were created using almost all formats, including model work, CGI and practical effects. The same department later composited all such work into the filmed scenes—both processes taking nearly two years to complete.
Revenge of the Sith has 2, shots that use special effects, a world record. As the DVD featurette Within a Minute illustrates, the film required artists and 70, man-hours to create 49 seconds of footage for the Mustafar duel alone. Benefits included not only special articles, but they also received access to a webcam that transmitted a new image every 20 seconds during the time it was operating in Fox Studios Australia. Many times the stars, and Lucas himself, were spotted on the webcam.
During the process of shaping the film for its theatrical release, Lucas and his editors dropped many scenes, and even an entire subplot, from the completed film. Though this is essentially the Rebel Alliance 's birth, the scenes were discarded to achieve more focus on Anakin's story. Many scenes concerning Jedi deaths during the execution of Order 66 were cut. The deaths of Barriss Offee and Luminara Unduli were either cut from the film or not filmed in the first place. Bai Ling filmed minor scenes for the film playing a senator, but her role was cut during editing.
She claimed this was because she posed for the June issue of Playboy , whose appearance on newsstands coincided with the film's May release. Lucas denied this, stating that the cut had been made more than a year earlier, and that he had cut his own daughter's scenes as well. The music was composed and conducted by John Williams who has composed and conducted the score for every episode in the Star Wars saga , and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra and London Voices.
A music video titled A Hero Falls was created for the film's theme, " Battle of the Heroes ", featuring footage from the film and was also available on the DVD. The DVD, hosted by McDiarmid, features 16 music videos set to remastered selections of music from all six film scores, set chronologically through the saga. The official premiere was at the Cannes Film Festival out of competition on May However, a line of people stood there for more than a month hoping to convince someone to change this.
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A copy of the film leaked onto peer-to-peer file sharing networks just hours after opening in theaters. The film was a time-stamped workprint , suggesting it may have come from within the industry rather than from someone who videotaped an advance screening. Documents filed by the Los Angeles District Attorney allege that a copy of the film was taken from an unnamed Californian post-production office by an employee, who later pleaded guilty to his charges. Shortly after the above-mentioned print was leaked, it was released in Shanghai as a bootleg DVD with Chinese subtitles.
The unknown producer of this DVD also chose to include English subtitles, which were in fact translated back into English from the Chinese translation, rather than using the original English script. This resulted in the subtitles being heavily mis-translated, often causing unintentional humor. Darth Vader's cry of "Noooooooo! Revenge of the Sith is the first Star Wars film to receive a PG rating from the Motion Picture Association of America MPAA , officially for "thematic elements sci-fi violence and some sensuality intense images", namely for the scene in which Darth Vader is set aflame by lava and molten rock.
Lucas had stated months before the MPAA's decision that he felt the film should receive a PG rating, because of Anakin's final moments and the film's content being the darkest and most intense of all six films. The PG rating had not existed when the films in the original trilogy were released; however, the original trilogy's films were later re-submitted to the MPAA due to changes in the re-released versions and once again received PG ratings.
It was also released in most major territories on or near the same day. The DVD included a number of documentaries including a new full-length documentary as well as two featurettes, one which explores the prophecy of Anakin Skywalker as the Chosen One, the other looking at the film's stunts and a part collection of web-documentaries from the official web site. Six deleted scenes were included with introductions from Lucas and McCallum.
This release is notable because, due to marketing issues, it was the first Star Wars film never to be released on VHS in the United States. The DVD was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4, On September 28, , it was announced that all six films in the series were to be stereo-converted to 3D. The films would be re-released in chronological order beginning with The Phantom Menace on February 10, Revenge of the Sith was originally scheduled to be re-released in 3D on October 11,  later pushed up to October 4, The site's critical consensus reads, "With Episode III: Revenge of the Sith , George Lucas brings his second Star Wars trilogy to a suitably thrilling and often poignant — if still a bit uneven — conclusion.
Most critics have considered the film to be the best of the prequel trilogy, with a few even calling it the best of the entire Star Wars saga. Lucas has directed", and equal to The Empire Strikes Back as "the richest and most challenging movie in the cycle". Jonathan Rosenbaum, a critic who disliked A New Hope and The Empire Strikes Back , gave the film a positive review, saying that it had a "relatively thoughtful story".
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three-and-a-half out of four stars, writing "If [Lucas] got bogged down in solemnity and theory in Episode II: Attack of the Clones , the Force is in a jollier mood this time, and Revenge of the Sith is a great entertainment. In , Glittering Images art critic Camille Paglia praised the film, comparing some of its scenes to works by modern painters and calling it "the greatest work of art in recent memory".
It's because the art world has flat-lined and become an echo chamber of received opinion and toxic over-praise. It's like the emperor's new clothes -- people are too intimidated to admit what they secretly think or what they might think with their blinders off. Episode III epitomizes the modern digital art movement, more so than other piece from the last 30 years. I had considered using Japanese anime for the digital art chapter of the book, but it lacked the overwhelming operatic power and yes, seriousness of Lucas's Revenge of the Sith. Though many critics and fans viewed Revenge of the Sith as the strongest of the three prequels, some viewers thought it was more or less on par with The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones.
Critics and fans criticised lines such as "Hold me, Ani. Hold me, like you did by the lake on Naboo Some American conservatives criticized the film, claiming it has a liberal bias and is a commentary on the George W. Bush administration and the Iraq War. Some websites went so far as to propose a boycott of the film. Lucas defended the film, stating that the film's storyline was written during the Vietnam War and was influenced by that conflict rather than the war in Iraq. Lucas did say, however, that "The parallels between Vietnam and what we're doing in Iraq now are unbelievable".
The film was released in countries. According to box office analysis sites, the film set American records for highest gross in a given number of days for each of its first 12 days of release except for the seventh and eighth, where the record is narrowly held by Spider-Man 2. It ranks 29th in all-time domestic grosses and is the highest-grossing U. The institute honored his "astonishing contributions to the art and technology of filmmaking, as well as the impact of the epic Star Wars series".
Despite being the prequel trilogy's best reviewed and received film, it received fewer award nominations than the previous films. The film did, however, receive the fewest Golden Raspberry Awards nominations: only one, for Christensen as Worst Supporting Actor,  which he won. Throughout Revenge of the Sith , Lucas refers to a wide range of films and other sources, drawing on political, military, and mythological motifs to enhance his story's impact.
Perhaps the most media coverage was given to a particular exchange between Anakin and Obi-Wan, which led to the aforementioned controversy: "If you're not with me, then you're my enemy", Anakin declares. Despite Lucas' insistence to the contrary, The Seattle Times concluded, "Without naming Bush or the Patriot Act , it's all unmistakable no matter what your own politics may be. McDiarmid, Lucas, and others have also called Anakin's journey to the dark side Faustian in the sense of making a "pact with the devil " for short-term gain, with the fiery volcano planet Mustafar representing hell.
The sequence is without dialogue and complemented by a moody, synthesized soundtrack. As with the previous film and its allusions to The Empire Strikes Back , some deliberately placed references have been made to draw allusions with Return of the Jedi Episode VI. Some dialogue is mirrored in both films especially the line "I can feel your anger! Both films feature lightsaber duels before Palpatine with similar imagery and dialog; Palpatine's tacit encouragement of Anakin's hate and anger is analogous to Darth Vader attempts to play on Luke's fear of loss by taunting him with threats against Leia.
Prior to settling on the Ewoks as the main helpers, the Wookiee race was originally planned to be in Return of the Jedi. The film's novelization was written by Matthew Stover. It includes much more dialogue than the film, including: a conversation between Count Dooku and Darth Sidious, where the reader learns Palpatine lied to Dooku about what the Empire would truly be; a conversation between Mace Windu and Obi-Wan Kenobi where Obi-Wan expresses self-doubt about whether he is the right Jedi to battle General Grievous; and a conversation between Anakin and Palpatine in which Palpatine promises to give Anakin anything he wants—whether it be a new speeder or the star system Corellia.
The novel includes many minor details. In addition to this, the siege of the Jedi Temple is much more violent and far more graphically explained than the cinematic version. Some unseen or unheard-of elements of the story were fleshed out in the course of the novel. Such examples include more discussions between Anakin and Palpatine, in which Palpatine explicitly says that Darth Plagueis was his master; in the film, it is merely hinted at. Not only is Saesee Tiin revealed to be a telepath , but his horn, lost in the Clone Wars, is revealed to have grown back. The book explains that Palpatine purposely manipulated the Council into sending Obi-Wan to fight General Grievous, because he knew he needed to get Obi-Wan off Coruscant before he could turn Anakin to the dark side.
The novel also reveals Mace Windu's rationale for not bringing Anakin along to the fight with Palpatine: he can sense Anakin's fear and distress, and does not believe the young Jedi is in any mental state to fight a Sith Lord. These are a few examples of many descriptions of characters' feelings and inner narrative.
There are even some humorous lines added in, including extra dialogue in the battle between Grievous and Obi Wan - Grievous says, "I was trained by Count Dooku," and Obi-Wan replies, "What a coincidence; I trained the man who killed him. A video game based on the film was released on May 5, , two weeks before the film.
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The game followed the film's storyline for the most part, integrating scenes from the film. However, many sections of the game featured scenes cut from the film, or entirely new scenes for the game. In the latter mode, two players team up to combat increasingly difficult waves of enemies.
Price of Vengeance by Kurt D. Springs
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the third film released, see Return of the Jedi. Theatrical release poster by Drew Struzan.
Roger Barton Ben Burtt. Lucasfilm Ltd. See also: List of Star Wars characters. See also: Star Wars sources and analogues. Kaminski , p. British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved December 27, Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 5, The Washington Post. Retrieved August 4, Entertainment Weekly.
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